Background : Served in World War I. At time of WW1 enlistment : 19 years & 1 month old (lied about age to enlist), height 5 feet & 7 inches, weight 121 pounds, fresh complexion, brown eyes, black hair, birthmark on abdomen, vaccination mark upper left arm, bootmaker. Married 30/08/1919 to Gertrude Charlotte Williams of Wolverton, England while in 15th Machine Gun Company. His father was a bricklayer.
Service record (World War 1).
02/12/1916 Enlisted (regimental no. 649) with 10/14 Machine Gun Company A.I.F.
11/12/1916 Private at Machine Gun Depot at Langwarrin?, Victoria.
12/01/1917 Private at Machine Gun Depot at Seymour, Victoria.
11/05/1917 Embarked Melbourne, Victoria on H.M.A.T.A11 Ascanius with 11th Reinforcements 15th Machine Gun Company.
20/07/1917 Disembarked in Devonport, Plymouth, England.
21/07/1917 Marched in to 15th Training Battalion ex Australia as Private.
New designation 5th Machine Gun Battalion.
24/02/1918 Admitted Grantham Military Hospital with tonsilitis.
30/01/1919 Marched into Australian Staging Camp Abancourt from England (originally 11/15th Machine Gun Company).
01/03/1919 Marched out to Australian Headquarters for duty (sts? 5th Machine Gun Battalion).
03/03/1919 Detached to Australian Army Ordnance Corps from 5th Machine Gun Battalion ex France.
07/02/1919 Taken on strength (5th Machine Gun Battalion) ex Australian Staging Camp Abancourt, France (originally 11/15th Machine Gun Company).
03/03/1919 Private detachment to Australian Army Ordnance Corps from 5th Machine Gun Battalion ex France.
07?/08/1919 Private to temporary Corporal.
07?/11/1919 Temporary Corporal to E.R. Corporal.
31/08/1920 Embarked for Australia as E.R. Corporal on H.M.T. Wahehe with his wife and 1 child.
21/09/1920 Next of kin advised returning to Australia.
21/10/1920 Disembarked in Australia from H.M.T. Wahehe.
29/11/1920 Will returned.
09/12/1920 Will returned (evidently duplicate).
18/03/1922 Received British War Medal. Also 1914/15 Star no. NE and Victory Medal no. NE.