Glossary

Weapons and munitions

25 pounder gun - Photo (Owen Stanley Range, New Guinea) Allied weapon. One was disassembled and parachuted with its Australian gunners at Nadzab, New Guinea. AWM id no. 026739

Boyes anti-tank rifle - Photo (December 1941, Syria) Allied anti-tank weapon. AWM id no. 021856

Bren gun - Photo (22/09/1942, New Guinea) Allied Bren light machine gun. AWM id no. 013285

Japanese mountain gun - Photo (captured gun, New Guinea) A particularly effective and light weight gun that caused a lot of damage to the Allies during World War 2 in the Pacific theatre of war. AWM id no. 015838

Japanese woodpecker gun - Photo (captured gun, New Guinea) 7.7 millimetre Japanese Type 92 heavy machine gun. So called by the Allies from the noise it made firing.

Magnetic mine - Photo Dangerous menace to shipping usually parachuted into position overnight along waterways. Specially modified Wellington bomber (nickname Wimpey) aircraft known as 'wedding ring Wimpies' were used to safely explode mines laid along the Suez Canal. A 48 foot diameter copper ring encircled the aircraft. Inside the ring was a generating plant, which turned the aircraft into a big magnet. The aircraft flew at about 50 feet; as it passed a mine, the mine would detonate. AWM id no. P05468.015

Owen machine gun - Photo (26/04/1945 Aitape-Wewak, New Guinea) Allied Owen machine gun. AWM id no. 091259

Sticky bomb - British No. 74 ST Grenade Allied weapon used against enemy tanks. Glass body (covered in sticky material) contained nitro-glycerine based explosive with a 4 second fuse. The idea was to get close enough to place or throw it against a tank. Not a particularly popular weapon in New Guinea as they tended to fall off and explode harmlessly (humidity rendered the adhesive useless).

Thompson sub machine gun - Photo (10/05/1943 Darwin area, NT) Allied Thompson sub machine gun. AWM id no. NWA0312