Boong - Old Australian slang for a native. In common use by Armed forces during World War 2.
Palliasse - Hessian bag filled with straw issued to soldiers.
Provost - Military Police.
Restricted industry - Men were unable to enlist if they were employed in restricted industries. This included primary industries such as farming. This restriction was relaxed somewhat as the war progressed and more soldiers were needed.
Sangar - Where the ground was too stony to dig, "sangars" were built for protection / defence. AWM id. P00749.007
Spahi - Horse-mounted French Cavalry units which operated in Syria.