Glossary

Organisations


Australian War Memorial (AWM) - Monument in Canberra to those who have served Australia in times of war. The bronze panels along the Roll of Honour record every name of those who died.

The Memorial also holds a vast collection of war artifacts such as photos, equipment, correspondence, etc (some of which are on public display).

Its website contains a wealth of searchable information of conflicts (photos, articles, etc of individuals / units, battles / wars and backgrounds). Website direct links.


Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC) - Established by Royal Charter in 1917 to pay tribute to the 1,700,000 men and women of the Commonwealth forces who died in the two world wars. It is a non-profit-making organisation that was founded by Sir Fabian Ware.

The CWGC is responsible for the building and maintenance of cemeteries and memorials and the establishment and preservation of records. Over one million casualties are now commemorated at military and civil sites in some 150 countries.

The Commission's principles are : each of the dead should be commemorated by name on the headstone or memorial, headstones / memorials should be permanent, headstones should be uniform and there should be no distinction made on account of military or civil rank, race or creed.

The website also creates a printable certificate (sample record of Lance Sergeant John William Cox) for every individual who served and died. Website direct links.


Department of Veterans’ Affairs (DVA) - An Australian Government agency whose mission is to support those who serve or have served in defence of Australia and commemorate their service and sacrifice. Website direct links.


National Archives of Australia (NAOA) - An Australian Government agency which (a) helps Australian Government agencies create and manage their records, (b) selects the most valuable records created by Australian Government agencies to become part of the national archival collection, (c) stores, describes and preserves the national archival collection and (d) makes records in the national archival collection that are over 30 years old publicly available. Website direct links.


National Library of Australia (NLA) - Australia's largest reference library whose role is to ensure that documentary resources of national significance relating to Australia and the Australian people, as well as significant non-Australian library materials, are collected, preserved and made accessible either through the Library itself or through collaborative arrangements with other libraries and information providers. See Website direct links for Australian Newspapers, Libraries Australia and Picture Australia which are examples of the information provided. Website direct links.


Returned & Services League of Australia (RSL) - The RSL presents a wide range of information that is of interest and value to veterans and those who are seeking general information on the League itself and Australia's military heritage. Website direct links.


The Shrine of Remembrance (Melbourne) - Victoria’s largest and most visited war memorial covers 13 hectares and was originally built to remember Armistice Day, 11/11/1918 when the Great War (World War 1) officially ended. Views : front entrance, side entrance off Birdwood Ave, south wall.

At 11am on the 11th day of the 11th month each year, the Ray of Light passes over the Stone of Remembrance and illuminates the word LOVE to remember the sacrifices made by Australians during all wars and conflicts.

Armistice Day was renamed Remembrance Day after World War 2 to commemorate people killed during both world wars.

The importance of this site during World War 2 was illustrated by the numerous zigzag defence trenches that were dug around the Shrine when the threat of invasion loomed. The Shrine was one of the last sites to be defended in Melbourne.

Features of the Shrine include the Eternal Flame, Cenotaph, Lone Pine tree (with Son of Lone Pine), Gallipoli Memorial (Simpson and his donkey), Widow and Children Memorial, Nancy Wake Memorial [1, 2] and a Remembrance Garden (post 1945 Memorial [mosaic 1, 2, 3, 4] for Cambodia, Thai-Malay, Korea, Malaya, Thailand, Somalia, Borneo, Vietnam, the Balkans, Malaysia, Kuwait, East Timor, Namibia, Rwanda, Afganistan and Iraq).

Every Australian unit has its own Tree with a dedicated plaque (2/2 Pioneers tree 10/07/2010) on the Shrine grounds (World War 1 Army units represented on the north-east side, R.A.A.F. on the east, R.A.N. on the south-east, World War 2 Army units on the north-west and west, later conflicts on the west and Allied countries on the north-east and east). Also, different countries involved in the conflicts are represented on the north-east side by a tree native to that country.

Numerous memorials and statues are also situated close to the Shrine. The Weary Dunlop Memorial commemorates the doctors who saved so many P.O.W.s on the Burma Railway. The story of Weary Dunlop [1, 2, 3, 4], the Burma Railway [1, 2] and Changi P.O.W. Camp in Singapore [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] are also displayed. Read a typical story about Weary Dunlop. It is no wonder that this great man was, and continues to be, held in such high esteem by the soldiers and their families.

More than 120 ceremonies are held at the Shrine annually including the annual ANZAC Day Dawn Service. Also, the Melbourne ANZAC Day March concludes here.

The Shrine has state of the art interactive research / educational facilities underneath and a large number of regularly changed exhibits / themes (eg. Victorian made tapestry celebrating 70th anniversary of Heidelberg Repatriation Hospital). Free hourly tours are conducted by volunteer guides. Website direct links.


World War 2 Nominal Roll - An Australian Government website created to honour and commemorate the men and women who served in Australia's defence forces and the Merchant Navy. It contains searchable information from the service records of some one million individuals who served during World War Two.

The website also creates a printable certificate (sample certificate of Major General Vasey) for every individual who served and has a link to request service records from the National Archives of Australia (NAOA).

Before it was uploaded on the internet, all service personnel (if contactable) were given the option of not being listed on the website. Unfortunately, because of this and since the Nominal Roll was the major source for finding most of the 2/2 Pioneers when the member list of the second forming of the Battalion was lost, some members are almost certainly still missing from our database. Another complication is that we cannot find soldiers on the Roll if they were transferred later to another unit as the Roll only lists their final posting. Website direct links.